Forest Garden

Info [1]

Guilds pdf [2] full book [3]

Trees for permaculture pdf [4]

Pioneer plants [5]


Initial planting

Till a large area and dig 4x4x4' holes every 18 ft in a hexagonal pattern and fill with a mix of sand, nutrient rich clay, and rotted wood. Ideally connect the holes together with trenches filled with sand/branches/gravel/rocks/perf-pipe to allow water to drain well.


David the good suggests 20ft between trees [6]

Nitrogen fixing fruit trees (NFFT)

Start with Elaeagnaceae plants like sea buckthorn and plant in a hexagonal arrangement 18 feet (7 paces) apart. Need full sun and well drained soil, but soil can be clay if planted on a slope [7]

Less edible:

Potentially wax myrtle [8] zone 7-10 and siberian pea tree zone 2+ [9] Trees for permaculture pdf [10]

Podocarpus zone 8+

Dynamic accumulators list, list2, etc.

Dynamic accumulators dig deep for nutrients and you can even use ones that also fix nitrogen like alfalfa and comfrey.

Plant comfrey (zone 3-9) (silicon) and/or alfalfa for nitrogen, and yarrow (zone 3-9) and lambs quarters (zone 4-11) and white clover (zone 4-9) for phosphorus [11] [12] between the plants and mulch it under if you want to add other crops between trees instead. Think of these like placeholders that prevent weeds around your fruit trees and improve the soil in multiple ways.

Mustard, seed pumpkin, walnut, and sunflower are energy crop that are also accumulators.

Sunn hemp [13]

Dryas drummondii yellow dryad (zone 2-9) is actinoryzal (like alder and sea buckthorn)

Comptonia peregrina sweetfern (zone 4+) is actinorizal as well

Datisca cannabina false hemp (zone 5+) is actinorhizal as well

Trellese and coppice and nitrogen (TCNT)

Black locust [14] for dry soil and (red) Alder (or willow) for wet soil [15]. Black locust wood chips take 100 years to degrade but alder is used in poles for Venice.

Black locust vs alder [16] tip, grow both.

Redbud [17]

Lots of good trees listed here [18] [19]

Acacias zone 8+

Nitro Guild

4 types in a hex pattern plus ground cover

  1. NFFT (rosid)
  2. TCNT (rosid) with vines like grapes (rosid) and hardy kiwi (asterid) as well as runner beans, hog peanut or groundnut if nitrogen desired. Wisteria would be a good choice for temporarily increasing nitrogen before using a productive vine.
  3. Superrosid - Like blackberry, mulberry, raspberry, boysenberry, gooseberry, currant, apple, peaches, almonds, hazelnut, walnut, cannabis, and other rosaceae family. Also includes alder and black locust.
  4. Asterids - Like tobacco, tomatoes, pepper, sunflower, big sagebrush, goji, persimmon, elderberry, huckleberry, blueberry and other vaccinium genus.


Paw-Paw and macadamia and elephant apple don't fit the above but can be substituted preferably in superrosid section.

Turbo Guild Upstate NY farming

Subset of Nitro Guild

  1. Sea buckthorn family (Actinorhizal) and siberian pea tree (Rhizobial)
  2. Black locust (Rhizobial) and alder (Actinorhizal)
  3. Superrosids like boysenberry and blackberry
  4. Asterids like huckleberry and elderberry


Zinc boron and sulfur as well as potassium and phosphorus can be gotten from fall leaves. Iodine can be gotten from seaweed/kelp. Selenium can be gotten from milk vetch. Cobalt can be gotten from both rosid and asterid berries [32] and common vetch.

Racemosus [33] seems to be a good variety of milk vetch with high selenium and low other toxins [34] [35]

Bisulcatus [36] good for cooler and wetter conditions.

Sinicus [37] [38] very high selenium

Zone 6a guilds [39]

Heavy metals in plants including cobalt in cauliflower [40]

Other fruit trees

Rowan [41]


Tree of heaven [42]

Comfrey and sunflower [43]

Penetrators [44]

Native ecosystem restoration

Weeding only method [45]


Scuffle hoe [46]

Grub hoe Seymour 60in handle [47] [48] and 7.75" head [49] [50] other options [51] [52] [53]

Broadfork [54]


Permapeople trading [55]

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